September 3, 2015 by admin

People affected by mental illness experience much poorer physical health than the general population.

This is especially true of people living with a psychotic illness such asschizophrenia. It is important, therefore, that they are helped to monitor,maintain, and improve their physical wellbeing. Family, friends, healthprofessionals, and support workers can all play a role in encouragingpractical steps to achieve this.

People living with a long-term physical health condition also experiencemuch higher rates of depression and anxiety disorders than the generalpopulation.

People with a psychotic illness have poor physical health for a variety ofreasons. These are associated with symptoms, the side-effects of somemedications, and a range of lifestyle factors such as diet and lack ofexercise.

Conditions which people with psychotic illness experience at higher ratesthan the general population include:

  • Chronic pain 31.8%
  • Asthma 30.1%
  • Heart or cardiovascular condition 26.8%
  • Diabetes 20.5%
  • The range of risk factors includes:
  • Physical inactivity

Very few people with psychotic illness are physically active. Over nine outof ten (96.4%) are sedentary or physically inactive compared to 72% of thegeneral population.


Almost half of people with psychotic illness are obese (45.1%), double therate of the general population.


Two in three people (66.1%) with psychotic illness smoke tobacco. This isdramatically higher than the general population rate of 25.3%.

Substance abuse

The abuse of alcohol and drugs among people with psychotic illness is farhigher than in the general population.

Metabolic syndrome

Half of people with psychotic illness (49.9%) have metabolic syndrome: a collection of risk factors that often occur together and can increase risk of cardiovascular disease (stroke or heart disease) and type 2 diabetes.

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